A crash course in Cannabis as Medicine.
Different ways to consume medical cannabis.
Combusting (smoking) is a popular method of consuming medical cannabis because it provides fast acting results. However, many cannabinoids are destroyed from the high heat and the smoke can be harsh and override terpenes.
Vaporizing is the most recommend method of consumption as it releases up to 95% of all cannabinoids. Vapour is releases by heating cannabis between 180 and 220 Celsius, just below the point of combustion. This method uses less cannabis and is a healthier alternative to smoking.
Oils & Extracts
Cannabis Oils & Extracts are ingested orally and generally take between 30-90 minutes to take full effect. This also results in longer lasting effects, usually in the 4 to 8 hour range. Cannabis oils are designed to be taken with food or sublingual.
Many patients make their own cannabis edibles (brownies, tea, etc.). The onset and duration will be similar to extracts and oils. There are several edibles recipes online or stop by the clinic to discuss edibles with one our clinic care specialists.
Medical cannabis comes in different types of strains.
Originating in Equatorial regions, Sativa Cannabis varieties are typically lanky with short thin leaves. Sativa dominant varieties tend to have a spicy or floral aroma and are popularly known for their uplifting positive mood enhancing effects.
Originating in Central Asia, Indica Cannabis varieties are typically short structured with wide leaves. Indica dominant varieties tend to give off earthy or musky aromas and have become popularly known for their physical relaxing, calming qualities.
Hybrid Cannabis varieties are a combination of Indica and Sativa. Hybridization has created a growing plethora of varieties with traits from both Indica and Sativa. Generally, hybrids may be more Sativa, Indica or a balance of both.
What is the Endocannabinoid System?
Originally discovered in the mid 1990’s by an Israeli doctor Raphael Mechoulam, current day research and understanding of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is an ongoing work in progress. The endocannabinoid system is a group of specialized lipids, receptors and enzymes. Through direct and indirect actions, the endocannabinoid system is known to modulate and influence a variety of physiological systems in your body including:
- Muscle control
- Energy balance
- Sleep health
- Stress responses
What are Cannabinoid Receptors?
Cannabinoids such as THC, CBD and terpenes fit into special receptors found in the endocannabinoid system called cannabinoid receptors. These receptors, called CB1 and CB2, work like a lock and key when flooded with cannabinoids, such as after a patient smokes, vaporizes, or ingests cannabis.
CB1 receptors are located throughout the brain, central nervous system, connective tissues, gonads, glands, and related organs. CB1 receptors are mostly associated with the psychoactive and euphoric aspects of THC.
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannibinol is commonly referred to as THC. It’s a neutral cannabinoid popularized by its psychoactive effects. THC acts as a mental stimulant and is known for fueling appetite and increasing mental acuity.
CB2 receptors are located throughout the immune system and related organs, like the tissues of the spleen, tonsils, and thymus gland. They are also common in the brain, although they do not appear as densely as CB1 receptors and are found on different types of cells. CB2 receptors are mostly associated with the anti-inflammatory properties of CBD.
Commonly referred to as CBD, Cannabidiol is a non psychoactive compound. Concentrations of Cannabidiol counteract THC, while maintaining symptom relief. People have become interested in medicinal Cannabis because of CBD.
Book an appointment today.
The first step is to discuss your current medical condition and review any of your existing prescriptions with a Clinic Care Specialist to confirm your eligibility for medical cannabis.